Topamax Topiramate and/or alternatives
Topamax belongs to the class of anti-epilepsy medications. It also functions as an anticonvulsant. The primary ingredient present in this drug is topiramate. Patients are generally advised to buy Topamax if they suffer from seizures or severe migraine headaches. This medicine is available in the form of capsules and tablets in the following strengths :
- Topamax 25mg, 50mg, 100mg, 200mg tablets;
- Topamax 15mg, 25mg sprinkle capsules
Topiramate is believed to work in a number of ways to prevent fits of epilepsy. The mechanism involves:
- Enhancing the action of a neurotransmitter known as GABA. GAMA regulates nerve activity in the brain and has a calming effect on the brain.
- Prevention of excessive sodium build up in the cells and a reduction of excessive nerve activity.
- Blocking of another neurotransmitter, glutamate, which is responsible for stimulatingthe nerve cells.
The exact mechanism of how Topamax prevents migraine attacks is unknown.
The generic name of Topamax is Topiramate.
Indications & Dosage of Topamax
Topamax is prescribed for:
- Migraine in adults;
- Adjunctive therapy (in patients > 2 years old) in Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome, partial onset seizures, and primary tonic-clonic seizures (generalized);
- Monotherapy (in patients over10 years of age)for primary tonic-clonic (generalized) and partial seizures;
Patients who buy Topamax will be prescribed the dosage based on their age, exact nature of the problem and other medical conditions. It is necessary to conform to the dosage prescribed by the doctor.
Topamax tablets are required to be swallowed whole with water. The medicine is available in the form of sprinkle capsules that can be swallowed or mixed with easy to swallow foods.
Topamax should be stored at controlled room temperature in its original air-tight container.
Side Effects & Interactions of Topamax
Topamax has been reported to cause quite a few side effects. It is necessary for patients to discuss the possibilities of negative reactions of this drug and exercise caution. Some common (and mostly minor) side effects of this drug are:
- Weight loss
- Flu symptoms like blocked or runny nose, cough, chills
- Numbness, tingling sensations in the limbs
It is common for the abovementioned effects of Topamaxto disappear after a short while without special medical care, but the following side effects should never be overlooked and should be immediately reported to a doctor:
- Eye pain, vision loss
- Increased thirst, dry mouth
- Increase in body temperature and severely reduced sweating.
- Difficult urination
- Severe nausea and vomiting
- Speech or balance disturbances
- Confusion, sudden memory loss, mood changes and depression
- Irregular heartbeat
- Severe body ache, especially in the back or sides
Topamax interacts negatively with many medications, and patients may require dosage adjustments. It is essential for them to disclose their list of current medications to the doctor. Some drugs which should not be co-administered with Topamax or require dosage changes are: lithium, hydrochlorothiazide, metformin, belladonna, sedatives, narcotic pain relievers, glaucoma medications, bronchodilators, atropine, oral contraceptives carbamazepine and barbiturates.
Warnings &Amp; Precautions of Topamax
Topamax should not be used by pregnant women as anticonvulsants are known to cause birth defects in the fetus unless the doctor thinks the benefits outweigh the risks. This drug passes into breast milk and should therefore be avoided by nursing women.
Topamax use should never be stopped abruptly without a doctor’s consent.
Some pre-existing medical conditions may contraindicate Topamax therapy or require careful monitoring during treatment. As such, patients should inform their doctors regarding their medical history.
Topamax is known to cause drowsiness, so alcohol and other sedatives should be avoided during treatment.
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